내셔널트러스트 해피빈으로 후원하기 NT네이버 카페 NT영상 보기 페이스북 좋아요를 눌러주세요 트위터 팔로잉 해주세요 NT로 이메일 보내기 1회 서울 대회 홈페이지 가기

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Introducing the National Trust/Knowing about the NT

The National Trust(NT) is a nongovernmental organization that first started in England to protect environment and historical relics. The money is used to acquire environmental and cultural resources so that citizens can preserve and manage them permanently. It is a civic environmental movement run by voluntary donations, contributions and money raised by fund-raising campaigns which are then used to acquire environmental and cultural resources that are preserved and cared for by the citizens. It was established in 1895 by Robert Hunter, a lawyer, Octavia Hill, a female social activist, and Rev. Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley.

The official name for NT is National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. Basically, the organization obtains the ownership of an object to protect and then safeguards it. In England, due to the Industrial Revolution in the late 1800s, many old monuments were destroyed and the environment was ruined. However, by acquiring these endangered resources and therefore protecting them from further harm, Hunter fought against the defect of the in the present law of 1895. In 1907, he established the National Trust Law and thus created the foundation for the organization. This law states that for the benefit of the people, aesthetic or historically important environmental sites and structures should can be preserved permanently and the objects that have been acquired can be declared as not conveyable. During the 1930s, the law concerning the project to preserve the home of a feudal lord was established, and the NT movement began to prosper.

After World War II, factories or canals built during the Industrial Revolution were preserved as industrial monuments, in 1965, the Neptune project, a plan to purchase the coastline, was launched. In consequence, 1/3 of the undestroyed coastline of England, Wales and Norther Ireland was preserved. Currently 1.5% of the land and 17% of the coastline in England is owned by NT. Other countries such as the US, Canada, and Australia also introduced this movement and are is protecting their coastlines by the law. The NT is active in 26 countries, including the US, Japan, and New Zealand.

The Beginning of the National Trust of Korea

In Korea, an environmental movement using the NT methodology started about ten years ago with the "Mt. Moodeung publicization campaign“ in Gwang-ju. Fifteen other places(as of April 1.2005) throughout the nation have launched is launching the NT preserving project. During the end of December, 2002, the "Guidebook of the National Trust of Korea" was published, introducing the places and organizations that are part of the NT movement. The ownership of the 6 recent sites that have been permanently protected by The National Trust of Korea, "Ganghwa Maehwamarum Habitat", "Choi Sunu House", "Donggang Jejang Village", "Naju Dorae Hanok", "Kwon, Jin-kyu Atelier", "Yeoncheon DMZ Forest Land" can be attributed to the devotion of the general public.

Korea has a beautiful tradition; the village property was claimed to be of joint ownership and was preserved permanently. The village property was thus not to be owned by or solid to anyone individual even if all the residents agreed to do. This is in line with the spirit of the National Trust. We founded the NT of Korea in January the 25th, 2000, in hopes of inheriting this tradition. In order to get a firm stand in Korean history, many citizens will have to actively participate in this movement, aware that they, too are owners of this country.

History

1998.11. 'National Movement to save The Green Belt Areas' was founded
2000. 1 The National Trust of Korea(NTK) was founded.
2002. 1 Historic Preservation Committee(HPC) was formed within NTK.
2002. 5 Gangwha Maewhamarum Habitat’ acquired as the first National Trust property.
2002. 12 ‘Choi Sunu House’ acquired as the second National Trust property.
2004. 4 ‘Choi Sunu House’ open to the public. ‘National Trust Cultural Heritage Fund(NTCHF)’ founded. 2004. 6 ‘Donggang Jejang Village’ acquired as the third National Trust property.
2005. 8 ‘Donggang Sarang-Donggang regional office’ open to the public.
2006. 3 ‘The National Trust Act for the natural environment and the cultural heritage’ has legislated.
2006. 4 Hanok Bank Committee was formed within HPC
2006. 10 ‘Naju Dorae Hanok’ acquired as the fourth National Trust property by NTCHF.
2006. 12 ‘Kwon, Jin-kyu Atelier’ acquired as the fifth National Trust property by NTCHF.
2007. 11 ‘Yeoncheon DMZ Forest Land’ acquired as the sixth National Trust property.
2009. 5 ‘Wonheungee Embankment’ acquired as the seventh National Trust property.

Vision 2020

- Secure a nationwide network of 20 NT Korea properties.
- Enlist 10,000 members and 1,000 volunteers to manage the NT properties.
- Become the most respected NGO in Korea through sustainable preservation and transparent management.
- Use the NT properties to offer environmentally friendly and cultural products and thus contribute to the local communities.

Mission

To secure quality cultural and environmental properties through public donations and maintain the properties through autonomous management for permanent preservation and enjoyment of future generations.

Value

- Provide open access to all groups and ages to our cultural and environmental heritages.
- Value our supporters and volunteers.
- Manage the cultural and environmental heritages for permanent sustainability.
- Eliminate the prejudice that preservation is a backward activity with a focus on the past.
- Support the local community volunteers to autonomously preserve and maintain their heritage.
- Offer diverse services and benefits for the members and supporters to enjoy the heritage sites.

NT civic properties

NT properties are sites acquired by the NT methodology for permanent preservation and therefore made able to be bequeathed to our children in their original forms. In the present situation, we only have few properties which are shown below. However, in the future, we plan to protect 1% of the Korean territory and to collect 1% of the gross national product (GNP) to use as funds for protecting our environment and our culture. Moreover, we plan to find and manage 100 sites to be handed down to our coming generations, creating a green and cultural Korea.

Furthermore, we plan to bequeath museums, structures, monuments and historical sites along with our environmental and cultural resources like the NT of England. Through this movement, we wish to pass down to our descendents the unique spirit of Korea. We hope that you will give a "Certificate for Future Inheritance“as a gift for your children. Only through the vigor of our citizens can we build our civic properties.

We hope that the beauty of our seven civic properties and the articles about them will offer you an invigorating experience.

Places

(1) Direct Management Site : Property of the National Trust of Korea (2) Expectant Linked Site : Sites which the National Trust of Korea plans to conserve (3) Linked Site : Sites which other organizations or individuals possess but carry out conservation activities with the National Trust of Korea

Direct Management Site 1

- Ganghwa Maehwamarum(endangered species of plants) Habitat Since 1998, the Ministry of Environment has been protecting Maehwamarum, classified as a wild plant near to extinction rice paddies near ChoJiJin, Ganghwa Island. Due to the increasing development activities, the protection of the habitat is urgently needed. The National Trust of Korea purchased this habitat in 2002 and is currently carrying out conservation activity.

Direct Management Site 2

- Choi Sunu House The first cultural heritage site which was purchased by the gracious donations of the members of the National Trust of Korea. The traditional Korean house was built in the 1930s and Mr. Choi who was one of the most prominent art historian and the Direct General of the National Museum of Korea lived in it and took a great personal care from 1976 to 1984.

Direct Management Site 3

- Donggang Jejang Village
Location : Jungsun-gun, Gangwon-do(Province)
The beautiful natural scenery and the great ecological diversity.
The collective geographical place of the prehistoric ages’ relics.
Purchased on June, 24, 2004.
Secured total 31,200 squares with the citizens’ donation.
Completion of the “Donggang Sarang” the office of the Donggang Trust movement.
Carrying out the work for the eco-friendly farm and the wild flower garden.
Promoting the additional buying of the site for the preservation of Donggang.
Our goal is to make the National Trust eco-village in Donggang area.

Direct Management Site 4

- Naju Dorae Hanok
Location : At Dado-myun, Naju-si, Jeollanam-do(Province).
The Hong(Pungsan folk) family's ancestral hometown in Dorae village.
Urgent to prevent because it is surrounded by historic houses in the center of the village.
Kitchen and Sarangbang(Father's room) of the main building shows the features of the modern architecture.
3 buildings on 1,029.6㎡.
Purchased in Oct 2006 by civic fund-raising.
Opened in June 2007 after renovation.
Programs of event
-Open to the public & offer various activities
-Featuring Naju's traditional furniture and other works produced by a craftsman
-Viewing the histories of Dorae village

Direct Management Site 5

- Kwon, Jin-kyu Atelier
Location : At Dongsun-dong Seongbuk-gu Seoul City.
Kwon, Jin-kyu was a famous sculptor, built his atelier by himself.
Donated by his sister in Dec 2006.
Recorded as the first case of the assets by donation.
Opened in September 2007, after renovation.
Programs of event
-Open to the public with reservations
-Featuring Kwon, Jin-kyu's working space
-Artists-in-Residence Program

Direct Management Site 6

- Yeoncheon DMZ Forest Land
Location : At Jeokeo-ri, Jung-myeon, Yeoncheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do(province).
It is located in the civilian passage restriction line where near by DMZ.

Also this area is very important bio-geographically due to Imjin-gang(river) originated from North-Korea streaming down to South-Korea through the de-militarized zone. Donator Shin, Joong-Kwan is a displaced person who was born in Hwanghae-do(province), North-Korea. The National Trust of Korea possessed new preservation area in the civilian passage restriction line firstly through this donation.


Direct Management Site 7

- Wonheungee Embankment
Location : At Chungju-city, Chungcheongbuk-do(province).
There is a hill in Chungju-city(1 hours from Seoul) about 200m above sea level and in the middle of the hill is an embankment.

This embankment is an important habitat for toads with over 100,000 using the site for egg-laying, and its protection is vital. In 2002, it was announced that the area would be developed into a complex of government office buildings. Since then, lots of environmental groups have been pressing for the site's protection. The site won a prize in the '2005 Public Subscription Contest for New Preservation Sites' and the National Trust of Korea has been co-operating fully in the campaign. Eventually this solidarity for preserving the core area of toads' habitat paid off and on 14 May 2009 reached the ultimate conservation, when it was acquired by the National Trust of Korea.

The Trust is still running an ongoing civic donation project to acquire land in and around the core area.

Wonheungee Embankment

Main Projects

Public subscription contest for new preservation area
It has opened every year from 2003 by civilian's participation to find out natural & cultural heritage include preservation value and select a special area of the National Trust of Korea. 53 sites has been prized as a preservation area through five public subscription contest till 2007.

Hanok(the Korean House) Bank
The historic preservation committee designated Korean Traditional House to Hanok, the Korean House. Hanok Exhibition has holding every year to let know the superiority of Hanok to the public and for the sustainable preservation and succeed to modern age. Also committee has construct the 'Hanok Bank' on line to build up the network and hold a Hanok in common with craftsman, students and general civilians.

Management and operations of the sites
We inspect and excavate the korean our historical and natural resources to be permanently protected and choose the national trust sites. Investigating, education and public relations of the important natural and cultural resources[sites].

Publication of the Magazine
Magazine has publishing from 2007 by monthly. This magazine notifying The National Trust of Korea's every activity of natural & cultural preservation.

Maehwamarum interchange between Korea & Japan
The National Trust of Korea and Groundwork Mishima, Japan preceeding the interchange program to preserve endangered plants Maehwamarum. Each organization run a children exchange program to inform the environment's importance. Also has a plan to build up the International Environment Education Center to preserve Maehwamarum at Ganghwa island.

Have building up the ecology study site at Dong-gang(river) area
The National Trust of Korea has planting a Korean native species wild flowers through civic and enterprise's volunteering work for next generation to learn the precious of natural heritage and also building up the ecology study site at the 3rd citizens' property "Dong-gang(river) Jejang village".

Membership

Which membership is right for you?

※ The 1% Club is an association of members who contribute 1% of their fortune or their monthly income on a regular basis.
Your 1% contribution will open the future of "Nature and Culture".

Membership Benefits

* Free Newsletter (all members)
* Free admission to various seminars and academic events (all members)
* Discounted admission to Study Tours (all members)
* Participation in Members' events (1% Club and Life-Long members only)
* PR for the groups through web-site and newsletter (Group members only)

Head Office

Co-Representative
KIM, HONG NAM (Professor of Ewha Womans Univ.)
Yang, Byoung-E (Chairperson of the Board of Trustees, Professor of Seoul National Univ.)

Co-Chair, Executive Committee
Yun, Sang Koo (The chairman of the Cultural Heritage Committee)
Choi, jung ki (Professor of Inha Univ.)

Director of Network Committee
Cho, Myoung-Rae (Professor of Dankook Univ.)

Chairman of the Donggang Committee
Lee, Su Yong (President of Sumun Publishing Company)

Chairman of the Gangwha Maewhamarum Committee
Choi, jung ki (Professor of Inha Univ.)